This programme of research takes a comparative and international approach to the history of British penal policy, by examining experiments in penology at the fringes of Empire. It will trace, compare and contextualise the penal, social and cultural history of Britain’s transportation of c. 60,000 Indian convicts to settlements in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, from 1773, when transportation first began, to 1906, when the Cellular Jail in the Andaman Islands was completed. It will then consider how British experiences of Indian convict transportation impacted on penal policy at home. Social and penal historians have neglected the influence of colonial penal policy on Britain. This comparative research seeks to fill this historiographical gap. It will show how individual and collective Indian convict experiences impacted on colonial policy, which in turn influenced metropolitan thinking. Further, it will consider the experiences of Indian convicts in relation to British felons and other colonial labour migrants. It will thus have a longer profile: in deepening historical understandings of British approaches to punishment and, in producing understandings of the relationships between the identities and cultures of immigrants and host populations, enhancing considerations of the meaning of citizenship in a globalised world



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Full research report

Author: C Anderson Date: 09 May 2007 Full research report

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Non-technical summary

Author: C Anderson Date: 09 May 2007 Research summary

Gender, subalternity and silence : recovering women’s experiences from histories of transportation

Author: Clare Anderson Date: 01 January 2007 Book chapter

Convict passages in the Indian Ocean, c. 1790-1860

Author: Clare Anderson Date: 01 January 2007 Book chapter

Envisioning the colonial prison

Author: Clare Anderson Date: 01 January 2007 Book chapter

Sepoys, servants and settlers : convict transportation in the Indian Ocean, 1787-1945

Author: Clare Anderson Date: 01 January 2007 Book chapter

The Indian uprising of 1857-8: prisons, prisoners and rebellion

Author: Clare Anderson Date: 01 January 2007 Book

The bel ombre rebellion : Indian convicts in Mauritius, 1815-53

Author: C Anderson Date: 01 August 2005 Book chapter

The ferringees are flying - the ship is ours! : The convict middle passage in colonial South and Southeast Asia, 1790-1860

Author: C Anderson Date: 01 January 2005 Journal article

Thinking allowed

person involved: C Anderson Date: 22 July 2004 Audio/video recording

The vagrancy depot of Grand River, its surroundings and vagrancy in British Mauritius

Author: Vijayalakshmi Teelock Date: 01 January 2004 Book

Clare Anderson, specialiste de l'histoire des prisons mauriciennes

Author: Jean-Claude Antoine Date: 01 January 2004 Article (submitted)

Legible bodies : race, criminality and colonialism in South Asia

Author: C Anderson Date: 01 January 2004 Book

The politics of convict space : Indian penal settlements and the Andaman Islands

Author: C Anderson Date: 01 January 2003 Book chapter

The execution of Rughobursing : the political economy of convict transportation and penal labour in early colonial Mauritius

Author: C Anderson Date: 01 January 2003 Journal article

Start date
30 September 2002
End date
31 January 2007
Grant holder
Dr Clare Anderson
Grant amount
£135,487.93
Grant reference
R000271268
Discipline
Economic & Social History
Economic and Social History
Grant type