Title
The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems : implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology
Description
In many parts of Europe, decades of production subsidies led to the steady intensification of agriculture in marginal areas. The recent decoupling of subsidies from production decisions means that the future of farming in these areas is uncertain. For example, in the uplands of the United Kingdom, an area important both for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision, hill farmers steadily increased stocking densities in response to headage payments but must now reconfigure farm businesses to account for the shift to the Single Farm Payment scheme. We examined hill farming in the Peak District National Park as a case study into the future of marginal agriculture after decoupling. We surveyed 44 farm businesses and from this identified six representative farm types based on enterprise mix and land holdings. We developed linear programming models of production decisions for each farm type to examine the impacts of policy changes, comparing the effects of decoupling with and without agri-environment and hill farm support, and evaluating the effects of removal of the Single Farm Payment. The main effects of decoupling are to reduce stocking rates, and to change the mix of livestock activities. Agri-environmental schemes mediate the income losses from decoupling, and farmers are predicted to maximise take up of new Environmental Stewardship programmes, which have both positive and negative feedback effects on livestock numbers. Finally, removal of the Single Farm Payment leads to negative net farm incomes, and some land abandonment. These changes have important implications for ongoing debates about how ecological service flows can be maintained from upland areas, and how marginal upland farming communities can be sustained.
URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.07.009
DOI
10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.07.009
Language
English
Author
Szvetlana Acs
Co-author
Paul R. Armsworth
Co-author
Martin Dallimer
Co-author
Paul Wilson
Co-author
Kevin J. Gaston
Co-author
Nick Hanley
Co-author
Philip Robertson
Volume number
27
Issue number
2
Is this item peer reviewed?
Yes
ISSN
0264-8377
Publisher
Pergamon, Elsevier
Date of publication
01 April 2010
Page reference
550-563
Place of publication
Oxford
Is this item a pre-print or post-print?
Post-print
Title of journal
Land use policy
Harvard
Acs, Szvetlana et al (2010) The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems : implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology. Land use policy. 27 (2), pp. 550-563 Oxford: Pergamon, Elsevier.
Vancouver
Acs Szvetlana et al. The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems : implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology. Land use policy 2010; 27 (2): 550-563.