Title
Issues of diffuse pollution model complexity arising from performance benchmarking
Description
Abstract. Flow and nitrate dynamics were simulated in two catchments, the River Aire in northern England and the River Ythan in north-east Scotland. In the case of the Aire, a diffuse pollution model was coupled with a river quality model (CASCADE-QUESTOR); in the study of the Ythan, an integrated model (SWAT) was used. In each study, model performance was evaluated for differing levels of spatial representation in input data sets (rainfall, soils and land use). In respect of nitrate concentrations, the performance of the models was compared with that of a regression model based on proportions of land cover. The overall objective was to assess the merits of spatially distributed input data sets. In both catchments, specific measures of quantitative performance showed that models using the most detailed available input data contributed, at best, only a marginal improvement over simpler implementations. Hence, the level of complexity used in input data sets has to be determined, not only on multiple criteria of quantitative performance but also on qualitative assessments, reflecting the specific context of the model application and the current and likely future needs of end-users.
URL
http://www.uea.ac.uk/env/cserge/research/relu/index
URL Description
ChREAM homepage
Language
English
Author
M Hutchins
Author
A Deflandre
Author
c Dilks
Author
H Davies

flow; nitrate; catchment; benchmark; model; cascade; questore; swat; Aire; Ythan

Volume number
11
Issue number
1
Is this item peer reviewed?
Yes
ISSN
1027-5606
Publisher
European Geosciences Union
Date of publication
01 January 2007
Page reference
647-662
Is this item a pre-print or post-print?
Postprint
Title of journal
Hydrology and earth system sciences
Vancouver
Hutchins M et al. Issues of diffuse pollution model complexity arising from performance benchmarking. Hydrology and earth system sciences 2007; 11 (1): 647-662.